Location of the liver

The liver is located under the ribs on the right hand side of the body. It lies just below the lungs, under the top of the diaphragm to which it is attached. The diaphragm is the muscle beneath the lungs which regulates our breathing.

The liver is partly protected by the rib cage. In fact, it is so tightly packed into the ribcage that a slight impression is often left on the top of the liver.

The liver is the largest organ in the body. It is shaped like a wedge and weighs 1.2-1.5kg. It is about 12cm horizontally across and 18cm diagonally across.

It is divided into two main lobes, the right and left. All the lobes of the liver perform the same functions.
The whole of the liver is encased in a protective fibro-elastic sheath called ‘Glisson’s capsule’.